South America is the World’s fourth-largest continent – seventeen, 840,000 km² covering roughly 12-tone system of the Earth’s land and 3.5% of the Earth’s surface.
It is deckle-edged by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and therefore the Pacific to the west.
The Jap aspect of the continent is mostly under the west that contains the range formation.
The second-longest stream within the World, the Amazon (6,400 km) flows across the highest of the continent.
Argentina is home to the very best mountain Aconcagua (6960 m) and therefore the World’s highest body of water – falls (979 m).
Regions & Seasons
South America isn’t divided into regions.
South America is found within the hemisphere. Those countries to the south of the continent have four distinct seasons.
– Spring – Sep, October, November
– Summer – Dec, January, February
– Fall – March, April, May
– Winter – Gregorian calendar month, July, August
The countries within the north of the continent have a lot of constant high temperatures and high precipitation throughout the year.
South America Climate
The climate of South America is divided into seven completely different climate types:
Desert – deal high temperatures with little precipitation.
Grassland – Hot summers and cold winters with on top of average precipitation.
Deciduous forest – Four distinct seasons with heat summers and cold, wet winters. The trees shed their leaves in fall.
Rain forest – High temperatures and high precipitation throughout the year.
Savanna – This region has terribly high temperatures all year and rain throughout the summer season solely.
Mediterranean – deal high temperatures with precipitation within the fall and winter months.
Alpine/mountain – Cold, windy and snowy. Its winter from Oct with temperature reduction, whereas summer is from Gregorian calendar month to Sep wherever the temperature will reach 15C.
There are sixteen countries and Islands in South America.
Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Falkland Islands, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, South Georgia and South Hawaiian Islands, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela.
South America is that the fifth most inhabited continent with population of around 371,000,000 (2005). The north-west coastal region and therefore the Jap coast of Brazil are the foremost densely inhabited spaces whereas the Amazon timberland area is the least inhabited. The countries with the very best populations (to the closest million) are:
Brazil – 188 million
Colombia – forty three million
Argentina – forty million
Peru – twenty eight million
Venezuela – twenty six million
Brazil is that the most economically developed country however the economies of Argentina, Venezuela, South American nation and South American country are also growing quickly. Throughout South America there’s a good gap between the made and poor.
River within the Amazon rain forest, the plants of South America is characterized in step with climatically region.
The rain forest areas are jungles of dense, wet forests. The image (left) shows a locality of the Amazon Rain forest.
The desert regions are home to those plants that may survive the arid conditions and embody styles of cacti.
The deciduous forest region features a wealth of plants and includes tall and short trees, shrubs, tiny plants and mosses.
Due to the cold throughout the winter months, solely short grasses and shrubs will survive within the alpine/mountain region.
The piece of ground and grassland regions is characterized by massive open areas of tall or short grass.
Plants found within the Mediterranean region have custom-made to the variations in precipitation and temperature between winters and summer and embody, palm trees, citrus trees, forest and scrub.
South America is home to several species of animals including artiodactyl, anaconda, piranha, jaguar, vicuna, and tapir.